If the smell of freshly brewed coffee brings a smile on your face, then read on. Coffee happens to be one of the most loved beverages across the world. The coffee that we drink is derived from dark brown aromatic beans that grow on coffee trees. Origins of the coffee plant coffea can be traced back to Sudan and Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius and Reunion in the Indian Ocean. It is now cultivated across the world and is the second most consumed drink worldwide after water. There are primarily two varieties of coffee – c.arabica and c.robusta. Arabica beans are flat and add acidity to the flavour, while Robusta beans are oval in shape and make a bitter brew. The coffee we drink is brewed from the dried and roasted seeds of the berries of certain coffea plants. The drink we get is dark, bitter, a little acidic and stimulating because of its caffeine content. Caffeine is present naturally in seeds, leaves and fruits of a number of plants and is safe for consumption in moderate amounts. Caffeine content of coffee depends on how it is brewed.
|Caffeine content (mg)||Serving size|
|Café coffee-latte or cappuccino||113-282||250ml|
|Expresso- short Black||107 (25-214)||1 shot|
Source: Australian Beverages
In addition to caffeine, coffee beans have other nutrients too:
Nutrition In Coffee:
One eight-ounce cup of regular coffee contains about:
– 2.4 calories
– 0 grams fat
– 0 grams sugar
– 0.3 grams protein
– 0.2 milligrams vitamin B2 riboflavin
– 116 milligrams potassium
Coffee also contains antioxidants that are linked to protection against inflammation, which is the root cause of a number of diseases. Antioxidants act against free radicals in our body converting them to harmless substances that are then flushed out. Roasted coffee has the best amounts of antioxidants. Some of the antioxidants found in coffee and their effects are:
– Cafestol: This is linked to enhancing memory.
– Trigonelline: It is high in roasted coffee; gives it the bitter flavour and has antibacterial properties.
– Chlorogenic Acid: This is found both in roasted and green coffee, and has important anti-bacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect in our body.
– Caffeine: It is being investigated as an antioxidant.